Creole Costume from the Village of Guajiniquil

Creole Costume from the Village of Guajiniquil.
Dancers wearing costume from Guanjiniquil in the former Presidential Palace in Tegucigalpa.

This folk costume was researched from March 22 to March 26, 2008, in the village of Guajiniquil by Professor Johann Edmundo Seren Castillo. Details of the folk costume were provided by Mrs. Praxedes Milla and her son Miguel Milla, both originally from the village of Guaginiquil. We also wish to recognize the help of Julio Neyder Castillo and Mrs. Nohemy Castillo (uncle and mother of Professor Seren), also originating Concepción, Intibucá.


The investigation was comprised of a series of visits to the community to fully document the original costumes used in mid 19th-century in the municipality. We talked with Mrs. Praxedes, who observed that over time, the slats, the lace, the long skirts, and their gyrations were lost. However on the third day of the investigation, she took us to an old trunk in which she kept a beautiful dress. This dress was invaluable to completing the investigation, as it provided complete details for the costume.


Mrs. Praxedus told us about how this outfit was used by the ladies and gentlemen on Saturdays, the day on which they traveled to the center of town to shop at the market and visit friends (a tradition that still exists in the municipality of Concepción). The costume was also used to dance at parties and at the festival for the patron saint, the Virgin of Concepción (or the day of the conchita, as she called it), on December 8th, and the 18 festival of the Virgin of the Remedies. She described how sweet the ladies looked in their dresses and how handsome and gentlemen appeared in their outfits.


The residents had their costumes made in the nearby village of Jiquinlaca, where tailors traditionally lived.


The woman's costume


The woman's costume is made of single background fabrics or floral prints. It consists of skirt and blouse, both of the same color. The skirt is cut with hood and consists of two flights at the end of the hood. The flights are decorated with a white lace edge if fabric is colored and with a colored lace edge if the fabric is white. The same thin ribbon of the same color lace is attached on both flights, so in all, three lines of the same color ribbon lace on the start the first flight and wider ribbons appear the other two flights, half above and half are below. In other words, the bar is thicker than one inch, and the two thin half bars are placed in order.


The scoop neck blouse is shaped with a V in front and round in back, with a two cocked gola in front and one in the form of V back lace which forms the edge as in the flights over the skirt. The ribbon aligns with an edge over ribbon that surrounds the gorge, and a line over the whole ribbon decorating gola, the two peaks of the front Smocked fall on the same table is bordered by thick lace and ribbon with 4 decorative buttons on the front and the sleeves are short panties with V-shaped edge and detailed termination bar in overlay lace.


As accessories, the woman wears necklesses, preferably a rosary with earrings, either natural seeds or gold earrings. Fantasy jewelery of silver or gold was suited for use at parties which were held in the large town hall of the village. On the head the woman wore her hair in a braided bun supported with a comb. During the day the women wore hats to protect their skin in this arid region. For parties, the girls rolled up strands of their hair strands that were loosely tied at the top with a comb decorated with lace ribbons and flowers. The girls a belt and shoes with Cuban heels or sandals. For fairs they wore flowers discretely supported on the bun style cap with combs and combined with the dress, with a braid wound in a bun or loose on the right side or the back.


The man's outfit


Dancers in front of the church in the aldea Guajiniquil.
Dancers in front of the church in the aldea Guajiniquil.

The man's costume consists of trousers and shirt. The men combined strongly colored shirts and dark pants, for instance blue with blue, green with light green, khaki and cream, dark gray or black with light gray or other combinations. The dress pants are tailor type dark straight seam, straight pockets on the front and rear with standard belts loops without pleats.


The shirt is a formal dress shirt with a light colored chest carrying a pocket on each side and tucked in at the top and bottom. A smocked section is the general color of shirt tucks with costuradas pointing away from each side and the same orillita takes in a fist and q crosses a line across the back forming a V. The collar is normal with small transparent buttons. Accessories include the hat, a high glass cane, a white handkerchief folded into a V in the right pocket of his trousers, black shoes or boots, black belt and a sheathed machete. The outfit was used for the holidays without the hat or machete.


Classification — Creole with colonial influence


This outfit is categorized as Creole with colonial influence.